I’m a Senior Fellow at the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime. I specialize in strategy advising, conflict analysis, security sector reform, and border security in West and North Africa. Over the last decade, I have conducted security sector reform programing, capacity assessments, and security analysis in the Sahel, Maghreb, Horn of Africa, and Latin America.
I hold a PhD in Political Science from The Fletcher School of Law & Diplomacy, Tufts University. My academic work focuses on the roots of border insecurity in Meso-America and North Africa. I have conducted field research on informal economic activity, smuggling, border security, and security sector reform issues throughout Africa, the Maghreb, East Asia, and Latin America.
From 2017 to 2019, I was a Partner and Director at Maharbal, an early-stage Tunisia-based consultancy that provided analysis, advising, coaching, and solutions to complex challenges. While with Maharbal I worked on projects that explored issues of decentralization, dignity, and youth political participation at the municipal level in Tunisia, along with a regional survey unpacking the dynamics of irregular migration by North Africans.
Between 2014 and 2017, I served as a Senior Program Officer with the Strategic Capacity Group, where I designed and implemented capacity building programs in West and North Africa around training, security service-community engagement, and border security. In 2016-2017, I was embedded at the U.S. Institute of Peace - Tunis Hub as a Security Sector Reform Program Officer, leading the Institute's Law Enforcement Academy Reform program.
Prior to working with Strategic Capacity Group, I consulted on development and crime issues in East and North Africa for STATT Consulting, managed the transborder threats portfolio for the state of New Mexico, and served as a policy aide to New Mexico Governor Bill Richardson. I have additional programmatic and assessment experience in Somalia, Kenya, Mozambique, Mongolia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Haiti, Brazil, and the Philippines.
I have been quoted on security, migration, and organized crime issues by The New York Times, Washington Post, Foreign Policy, The Telegraph, Financial Times, El Pais, Jeune Afrique, Le Monde, Agence Presse France, Associated Press, Vice News, and African Arguments.
I present regularly on transnational organized crime, border security, community-security force relations, and security sector reform, including to the U.S. Institute of Peace, Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ), Small Arms Survey, Knowledge Platform: Security and Rule of Law, Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime, Harvard University, and Tufts University.
Some selected publications include: “‘La Mal Vie’: The Complexity and Politics of Irregular Migration in the Maghreb,” (Institute for Security Studies, forthcoming 2019), “Less than the Sum of the Parts: Europe’s Border Security Fixation Imperils Libya’s Security Reforms,” (Institute for Security Studies, forthcoming 2019), "The Insurgency in Tunisia's Western Borderlands" (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2018), “At the Edge: Trends and Routes of North African Clandestine Migrants” (Institute for Security Studies, 2016), “Border Security Challenges in the Grand Maghreb” (U.S. Institute of Peace, 2015), and “Partisans, Profiteers, and Criminals: Syria's Illicit Economy” (The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, 2014). Information on further articles and assessments can be found on the Publications page.